How to Force Outlook 2007 to Connect to Exchange Using a Particular Global Catalog Server

How to set the closest global catalog server

Use the following steps to force Outlook to identify and use the
closest global catalog server.

  1. Click Start, and then click Run.
  2. In the Open box, type regedit.exe, and then click OK.
  3. Locate and then click the following key in the registry:
    HKEY_CURRENT_USERSoftwareMicrosoftExchangeExchange Provider

    Note You may have to create the registry path.

  4. On the Edit menu, click Add Value, and then add the following registry value:
    Value name: Closest GC
    Data type: REG_DWORD
    Radix: Hexadecimal
    Value data: 0x00000001
  5. Quit Registry Editor.

How to set a specific global catalog server

In other topologies, you may want to force Outlook to communicate
with a specific global catalog server, not necessarily the global catalog
server that is closest to the Outlook client.

Note that although you
can manually change the registry parameter in the MAPI profile, it is
overwritten the next time that you start Outlook.

To force Outlook to
use a pre-defined global catalog server, use the following steps to set the
following special registry parameter to point to the Fully Qualified Domain
Name (FQDN). Doing this over-rides any setting in the MAPI profile.

  1. Click Start, and then click Run.
  2. In the Open box, type regedit.exe, and then click OK.
  3. Locate and then click the following key in the registry:
    HKEY_CURRENT_USERSoftwareMicrosoftExchangeExchange Provider

    Note You may have to create the registry path.

  4. On the Edit menu, click Add Value, and then add the following registry value:
    Value name: DS Server
    Data type: REG_SZ (string)
    Value data: FQDN of the global catalog server
  5. Quit Registry Editor. If Outlook stops responding after you
    set the closest global catalog server or set a specific global catalog server,
    Outlook returns to the DSProxy process on the Exchange 2000 server and requests
    a new referral. The following are two possible limitations if you configure
    Outlook to a specific global catalog server:
  • The client-detected global catalog server may be out of
    date or semi-functional. If the global catalog server is having problems but
    still responds to Named Service Provider Interface (NSPI) requests, Outlook may
    not stop responding, and Outlook may return to the DSProxy for a new referral.
  • In
    multidomain environments, the global catalog server that you select may
    not be in the same domain as group objects in the Active Directory
    directory service. Therefore, users cannot update group membership
    because the local global catalog server has a read-only copy of the
    group.

    This behavior can also affect how you add delegate permissions to a third party’s account.

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