You can use SSH to connect to your Raspberry Pi from a Linux computer or Mac (or another Pi) from the Terminal, without installing additional software.
You’ll need to know your Pi’s IP address to connect to it. To find this from your Pi’s terminal type
Alternatively if you’re running the Pi without a screen, aka headless, you can also look at the device list on your router or use a tool like
nmap, which is described in detail in our IP Address doc.
To connect to your Pi from a different computer, copy and paste the following command into the terminal window but replace
<IP> with the IP address of the Raspberry Pi. Use
Ctrl + Shift + V to paste in the terminal.
If you receive a
connection timed out error it’s likely that you’ve entered the wrong IP address for the Raspberry Pi.
When the connection works you’ll see a security/authenticity warning. Type
yesto continue. You’ll only see this warning the first time you connect.
In the event your Pi has taken the IP address of a device to which your computer has connected before (even on another network), you may be given a warning and asked to clear the record from your list of known devices. Following this instruction and trying the
ssh command again should be successful.
Next you’ll be prompted for the password for the
pi login, by default on Raspbian the password is
raspberry. You should now have the Raspberry Pi prompt which will be identical to the one found on the Raspberry Pi itself.
If you have set up another user on the Pi, you can connect to it the same way, replacing the username with your own, e.g.
pi@raspberrypi ~ $
You are now connected to the Pi remotely and can execute commands.
You can also forward your X session over SSH to allow use of graphical applications by using the
ssh -Y firstname.lastname@example.org
Now you’re on the command line as before, but you have the ability to open up graphical windows, for example:
This will open up the Python editor IDLE in a graphical window.
This will open up Scratch!
For further documentation on the
ssh command just enter
man ssh into the Terminal.
To configure your Pi to allow passwordless SSH access with a public/private key pair see the passwordless SSH guide.